STUDY OF THE SPREADING DYNAMICS OF THE SOLID MUNICIPAL WASTE MANAGEMENT METHODS IN UKRAINE
Keywords:dust cart, solid municipal waste, burial, burning, processing, recycling, composting, dynamics, regression analysis
Aim of the research is the determination of the regressive dependences, which describe the dynamics of the spreading of the methods of solid municipal waste management in Ukraine. Among the main methods of solid municipal waste management the following ones were considered: waste burial, burning, processing, recycling, composting. In the course of the research the method of regression analysis of the results of single-factor experiments and other pair dependences with the selection of the best kind of function from the most widely-spread variants by the criterion of maximum correlation factor is used. Regression was carried out on the base of the linearized transformations, which enable to reduce the non-linear dependence to the linear one. Determination of the regression equations coefficients was carried out by the developed computer program "RegAnaliz", protected by the certificate of state registration of the rights to the copyright object. Adequate regression dependences, describing the spreading dynamics of the methods of solid municipal waste management in Ukraine and allow to forecast the spreading of such methods of waste management as waste burial, burning, processing, recycling, composting, have been obtained. Graphic dependences, describing the spreading dynamics of the methods of solid municipal waste management and allow to illustrate the dynamics and show the sufficient coincidence of the theoretical and actual results have been constructed. It is established that in Ukraine the spreading of the solid municipal waste burial drops hyperbolically, burning – changes according to the quadratic dependence, processing and recycling – grows hyperbolically and composting – grows according to the power – law dependence. The spreading of solid municipal waste composting increases most intensively. The following spreading of the methods of solid municipal waste management in Ukraine in 2021 is forecast: waste burial – 93.68%, burning – 0.41%, processing and recycling – 4.02%, composting – 0.121%.