IMPROVEMENT OF THE TRANSPORT-TRANSFER HUBS OPERATION DURING MULTIMODAL PASSENGER TRANSPORTATION WITH THE PARTICIPATION OF THE RAILWAYS AND MOTOR TRANSPORT
The article proposes to improve the technology of multimodal railway passenger transportation with the participation of the motor transport by coordinating the schedule of traffic of all types of transport. Harmonization of the schedule is carried out under conditions of transport-transfer hub applying modeling of passenger traffic in the process of interaction of various kinds of transport. This allowed to rationalize the capacity of vehicles, reduce the waiting time for passengers by 30% at the points of transfer, and reduce the requirements for the throughput and processing capacity of the transport-transfer hubs.
It is established that to systematize and optimize the routes of complex passenger traffic it is necessary to establish a systematic collection of information about passenger traffic using modern means of computer equipment, communication and satellite navigation. This will allow the creation of a multimodal technology for the operation of the passenger transportation network in suburban and interurban routes with the participation of railways and motor transport. In its turn, this technology should be based on the ideology of a "single ticket" and a comprehensive liability for compliance with the conditions of passenger transportation.
The calculations made for conditions of the transport and transfer center of the city Dnipro gave an assessment of the economic effect at the level of 3.2 million UAH in a year when the load on transport infrastructure is reduced by 9.2%. This will facilitate the creation of multimodal passenger transport operators and the attractiveness of the transport industry for investors.