ANALYSIS OF THE METHODS OF THE SELECTION OF MULTIMODAL TERMINALS DISLOCATION
Keywords:multimodal transportation, multimodal terminal, dislocation, method, cargo
Research is devoted to the analysis of the methods of the selection of the multimodal terminals dislocation. Multimodal cargoes transportation is one of the most important components of the transport concept of the world and national significance, which promotes the efficient cooperation of the enterprises of different kinds of transport, providing qualitative services of the modern format that enables to reduce the negative impact on the environment. Multimodal transportation enables to deliver the cargoes to any point of destination.
The important component of the multimodal transportation of the cargoes is multimodal terminal. Multimodal terminals are used in the process of multimodal transportation for the change of the type of transport, performing the operations of loading, unloading, storage of the cargo. Their efficient operation plays an important role in the growth of the volumes of the international cargo flows and increase the market competitiveness of Ukraine.
Imperfect choice of the multimodal terminal dislocation may lead to considerable losses and worsening of the quality of the multimodal transportation of cargoes, in this connection, there arises the need to study the methods of the selection of the multimodal terminals dislocation.
By the results of the research, carried out, it was determined that the following methods of the selection of multimodal terminals dislocation are used most frequently: exhaustive search, ‘weight center’, heuristic methods, multidimensional methods. Applying the method of the exhaustive search, the problem of the optimal dislocation is solved by the exhaustive search and assessment of all possible variants of multimodal terminals dislocation. Method of “weight center” provides the determination of one terminal dislocation, taking into account only the demand for the products, without taking into consideration the volume of goods delivery by the supplies and their location. Cluster analysis – is a variant of the multidimensional analysis, one of the directions of its usage is the economic substantiation of the conditions of the transport-logistics cluster formation in the region. Multimodal terminal can be located on its base. Heuristic methods, based on human experience and intuition, are based on Pareto principle, i.e., on the advanced denial from a great number of the obviously inadmissible variants. For the analyzed methods their advantages and disadvantages, which should be taken into consideration in the process of the selection of multimodal terminals dislocation are presented.